Understanding stocks and shares is not a difficult job if you don’t get too overly technical and just look for the stock market basics. Stocks are nothing more than purchasing a little piece of a business. When owners of a business need to raise money, they have several options. The first is the normal one, borrow money from a lending institution. The second one is to issue bonds. A bond pays a specific interest rate to those that purchase them. There’s a date when it comes due and the company pays the loan in full. The third option is to go public with stock.

When a company goes public, it issues stock. The company creates a specific amount of shares, we’ll keep it simple and use the number 1,000,000. Everyone that buys a share of stock from the company when they do the initial public offering (IPO) just purchased 1/1,000,000 of the company. Even though it sells many shares, it keeps some stock back for itself. Understanding stocks and shares is a matter of knowing that a single stock is one share of all those that the company issued.

Understanding stocks and shares also involves their purchase and sale. You can buy shares directly through many companies on a systematic basis. This saves brokerage fees. If you sell shares, you also can do that through the company direct. The problem when you do both is that you never know what price you’ll get until the close of the stock market since share trading doesn’t take place until then when you go direct.

Most people get involved in trading stock as a form of investing and want to make the maximum return on their money. You need a brokerage account to do that. You don’t need a broker if you have some understanding of stocks and shares. To provide you with that information, here’s a some stock market for beginners basics.

1. Select the stock you want to purchase. After you open a brokerage account, get a basic understanding of the type of stock, and shares you want, be on the look out for three or four companies you know and whose products you really like.

2. Check the background of the companies and their management. Read every article you can.

3. Find the symbol of the companies and track the stock. You’ll probably start to see a pattern after a few weeks.

4. Decide the type of investor you want to become. It’s not enough to simply have an understanding of stocks and shares, you need to know how you’re going to invest. Decide whether you want to buy and hold. This type of investing comes when you believe that over time, the company will grow. You can also buy and trade rapidly. This is day trading and is used to make money on the patterns of price fluctuations.

Understanding stocks and shares is time consuming at first if you jump in with both feet, but once you follow stocks for a few weeks, you’ll start to see how simple it really is.