For those in debt that surpasses their ability to pay, bankruptcy can be a solution to regain financial freedom. Debts can be discharged through the filing of bankruptcy. Under a specific chapter of the bankruptcy code most debts can be absolved while a filer is still able to keep some personal property. There are federal and state exemptions for homestead, jewelry, life insurance policies and more. For a full listing of this contact your bankruptcy attorney. Consumer bankruptcy or personal bankruptcy is the most commonly filed. Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 are often filed in consumer bankruptcy. The whole purpose for bankruptcy is to allow debtors to be given a clean slate to build a positive financial history on.
You can begin your bankruptcy process by filing a petition, which is a document that includes a debtor’s financial information. Depending on your situation you will either choose or have a specific chapter of bankruptcy suggested for your debt relief benefit. A creditor can also file a bankruptcy petition on your behalf. This petition is filed with the U.S bankruptcy court clerk. A debtor has 20 days to file objections. If objections are filed, the case can go to trial. If there are no objections filed the bankruptcy will proceed. Involuntary bankruptcy can only be filed under two chapters, which are chapter 7 and chapter 13 of the bankruptcy code.
You are susceptible to being a part of an involuntary bankruptcy if you are not paying your debts period. If you are missing significant payments or you are regularly missing sizable payments you can be subject to involuntary bankruptcy. The court enters an order of relief and the creditors expenses and attorney fees are dispensed immediately. Creditors who are not hasty in being paid at least a portion of their owed debt will choose to file involuntary bankruptcy. Some creditors will use this as only a last resort as if the judge was to view the charges as unjust the creditors themselves could obtain fees and charges. For additional information on this area of bankruptcy or others you can simply search bankruptcy or bankruptcy petition online. You can also speak to a bankruptcy attorney for a free consultation for your bankruptcy questions.
It is understood that due to job loss, terminal illness and death of a spouse can throw people into severe debt. The most common cause for bankruptcy is still in fact largely due to credit card debt. It is key to speak with a bankruptcy attorney for a free consultation. You can do this online or by contacting a local attorney out of the phone book. An experienced attorney can steer you in the right direction when making the choice to file bankruptcy. In general chapter 7 converts your non-exempt assets into cash to pay off outstanding bills. Chapter 13 is a form of financial reorganization. With chapter 13 you are given time to pay off your bills, stopping foreclosures and maintaining the majority of your property. Bankruptcy can provide financial freedom but should be used as a last resort as opposed to paying bills off through debt consolidation practices.